What is waterproofing?
is the process of laying an insulating protection system, used to prevent
leakage or penetration of fluids into or out of a structure.
waterproofing of a building or structure must always be performed as part of a
system using one or more products depending on the degree of protection
required and the use of the structure or building itself.
of protecting structures and buildings from moisture is for hygienic and
aesthetic reasons, to avoid rework and to extend their useful life.
buildings have areas that must be waterproofed. Not only for the safety of the
chassis, but for the health of its occupants.
thing that builders must determine is the areas that need waterproofing and
choose the best type, but what is the best?
should be required to use the best system as per the needs, for example:
Indoor and/or outdoor waterproofing
or buildings can be insulated inside or out or in both cases depending on the
building conditions and the degree of protection required.
and elements to be waterproof Structures and elements to be:
Foundations and basements
tanks and swimming pools
• walls and
• Wet areas
Types of waterproofing
Solid waterproofing: Classified as rigid
because it uses materials that when completely dry, harden, or harden. Example:
oblate or plaster.
insulation: It is classified as elastic because the materials used are very
flexible or deformed, and are able to absorb movements. Example: acrylic
structures or buildings have areas where rigid and flexible waterproofing
systems or a combination of both must be used.
Types of waterproofing
in elements designed to have little movement are called rigid waterproofing,
• walls and
materials of this type of system are as solid as:
It is called
flexible insulation systems used in items that are subject to strong expansion
and contraction movements or over large areas without control and expansion
joints such as:
materials of this type of system are flexible such as:
Sika floor-to-ceiling solutions and systems
and structures of the building must have at least one type of waterproofing
system because moisture is its greatest enemy and the cause of its deterioration,
in addition, rework and maintenance costs are very high and the useful life of
the building is reduced.
Sika solutions and systems
go beyond preventing water from affecting the structure.
* Avoid loss
of internal temperature: the air contained in the particles of building
materials is an excellent heat insulator. Air is less conductive of electricity
than water, so a wall that is only 7 percent wet on its surface loses 90
percent of its insulating ability.
* Negative water
pressure: The pressure that is generated on the other side on which a paint or
product has been applied.
the aesthetics of the property: Dry walls, without dark spots or loose
adhesives, will always look good. Many waterproofing not only take care of the
walls, but also allow for a very aesthetic finish.
indoor comfort. "Sika".
damage and aging of the walls: moisture gradually destroys the properties of
the material, due to physical and chemical actions. In addition, the water in
the surfaces with heat turns into steam, expands and seeks to escape, which
deteriorates the material and leads to the appearance of cracks and cracks.
prevention: Moisture can cause the formation of fungi, algae and bacteria. All
of them attack building materials and can harm the health of residents of the
Consequential Damage: You won't have to solve a whole series of moisture-caused
problems and accidents over time. Introducing a waterproof property is to
provide a solution to future problems related to common problems that arise due
waterproofing should be carried out during the construction phase of the
building, but if this condition is not met, it is desirable to implement it as
soon as possible, since the gradual seepage of water in a building with
insufficient waterproofing can cause structural damage that can destabilize The
stability of the foundations of the structure itself makes it unsafe. This is
in addition to the serious health risks known to be caused by dampness and
several types of waterproofing:
repellent liquid membrane.
of waterproofing cannot be underestimated. Damage to the building structure,
along with the high cost of renovation is a big problem.
the value of the property.
structurally sound institution.
• A healthy
living environment for the family.
basement during winter.
• Enjoy more
• A more
attractive and comfortable home.
that water can cause.
Decomposition of wood structures and finishes such as floor joints, beams,
floors, columns, slabs, lintels, frames, etc.
of metals such as steel reinforcement in concrete, steel beams, lintels, metal
door frames, etc.
of plasterboard and subsequent detachment of ceramic tiles.
hazards that could result from a possible short circuit of lighting and
of blisters in the paint.
Deterioration of the facade of the building.
problems due to humidity, which can lead to respiratory problems.
importance of waterproofing.
If we go
back to defining waterproofing as a waterproof barrier designed to prevent
water from entering.
from building structures, we realize its importance when the consequences of
lack of waterproofing become apparent.
entering a building's gutters can have effects we don't want, and aside from
damage to the building's interior, structural damage can be inevitable.
is the second leading cause of deterioration in a building or home.
building materials have a significantly shorter life when exposed to moisture
or water for an extended period of time.
can happen with respect to waterproofing.
• Basement leaks, why do they exist?
They can be
due to defects in floor tiles, lack of floor tiles, the presence of cracks in
the walls, underground construction or stuck to walls with hydrostatic
pressure, underground springs, or with high humidity.
This type of problem could be caused by a bad seal on the exterior
mold on the walls is bad.
It is a condition that can indicate moisture problems or water problems. To say the least, mold is a potential health risk that is becoming increasingly important these days, as scientists learn more and more about its effects on humans.